Using the Windows Recovery Environment
However you access these tools, you
will eventually reach a Choose your option screen that has a
Troubleshoot option. From the Troubleshoot screen—the heart of
WinRE—you will find the following tools, many of which are accessible
via the Advanced options:
- Refresh your PC and Reset your PC: These
tools collectively make up a new Windows 8 capability called Push
Button Reset. It’s so important, that it’s examined in the next section.
- System Restore: This
is a legacy recovery capability from previous Windows versions that
lets you reset the PC configuration to an earlier time, usually because
you’ve installed a bad hardware driver that has made the system less
- System Image Recovery: Another
legacy feature and part of Windows Backup, this option lets you recover
Windows using an image-based backup. Generally speaking, most users
will not use Windows Backup with Windows 8, but you can use this option
to recover a Windows 7- or Windows 8-based install if needed.
This tool is analogous to Startup Repair from the Windows 7 version of WinRE, though it fixes other errors as well.
- Automatic Repair: This useful option should be your first stop if you are having issues booting into Windows. Simply click Automatic Repair
and WinRE will diagnose your PC, check for disk errors, and attempt a
repair. More often than not, this will simply work and you’ll be up and
running in no time.
NOTE If you sign in with a local account, you may be prompted to sign in here as well.
- Command Prompt: Designed
for advanced users that know their way around a DOS-style command
prompt, this interface provides access to a full slate of useful
command-line tools, including diskpart.exe, recover.exe, and more.
- Startup Settings:
This will apply many common troubleshooting configurations to Windows—a
low-resolution video mode, Safe Mode, and so on—to ensure you can boot
into a balky install and fix problems from the OS itself.
Push Button Reset
When you encounter a problem with your
PC, be it performance related or otherwise, you can now undergo a
surprisingly fast process in which Windows 8 is quickly wiped out and
reinstalled in a factory-fresh condition. This doesn’t require mucking
around with a Setup DVD or USB media, and it won’t take half the day as
it did with Windows 7. Instead, Windows 8 includes a new feature called
Push Button Reset, and it very well may be the single greatest new feature in this operating system.
Push Button Reset is exposed as two separate
tools called Reset your PC and Refresh your PC, respectively. Both are
available from the Windows Recovery Environment, as discussed
previously. But you can also access both from the Metro-style PC
Settings interface and from the desktop-based Recovery control panel.
Microsoft clearly wants to make these capabilities readily available to
- Reset Your PC
deletes all of your personal data, apps, and settings from the PC, and
then reinstalls Windows to its factory-fresh, day-one condition. During
the process, everything on the PC hard drive will be erased, so you may
need to back up crucial documents and other data first.
To be clear, desktop-based applications
like Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop will need to be reinstalled
after using Refresh your PC.
- Refresh Your PC
performs similarly, but this amazing utility retains all of your
personal data, settings, and Metro-style apps (but not legacy desktop
applications), reapplying them to Windows after it has been reinstalled.
In either configuration, Push Button Reset is
amazingly fast. According to Microsoft’s own performance analysis, most
PC Reset operations will finish in roughly 6 minutes, and a PC Refresh
will take a bit over 8 minutes. These figures have been borne out in
our own usage. In fact, they’re conservative.
The impact of this tool cannot be overstated.
With Windows 7, you could perform a clean install of the operating
system in about 20 minutes, a major improvement over previous versions.
But that didn’t include the time and effort required to first back up
your data, install updates, install applications, copy the data back,
and then reapply all of your personal settings. With Windows 7, you
typically spent the better part of day restoring a PC in this fashion.
And it’s a time-consuming and boring process with lots of downtime.
But it gets better. Push Button Reset is also
vastly superior to the old ways of wiping out a PC because you can do
it at any time. If something goes wrong, just Refresh the PC and all
will be well. With the Windows 7 tools, you really had to be prepared,
and then had to go through great time and effort to do it properly.
Critics and conspiracy theorists will point out,
correctly, that Push Button Reset isn’t a complete PC recovery solution
because it doesn’t help at all with traditional, Explorer-based
applications like Microsoft Office and Photoshop. And that’s a fair
enough statement, though if Windows 8 is truly successful, these types
of applications will soon only be used by power users and business
users for the most part. So Push Button Reset, combined with other data
backup features in Windows 8, does present a fairly complete solution
for most average users, especially as they replace their old
applications with new Metro-style apps over time.
Regardless, even those who do need to install and
update a handful of traditional Windows applications after the fact
will still experience an amazing reduction in the time it takes to
complete the entire process. This one feature has revolutionized the
way users restore Windows and get back to work. You’re going to love it.
The following two sections discuss how you can
use PC Reset and PC Refresh, respectively. As you may recall, these
tools are available from the Windows Recovery Environment, but also
from PC Settings (in the Metro environment) and the Recovery control
panel. Because these interfaces are simpler and easier to reach, you
will often proactively use Push Button Reset, and not as the result of
a calamity that renders your PC non-bootable. But you can always use
these tools from WinRE if you prefer.
Finding Push Button Reset (Metro Version)
To access the Metro-style interface for
Reset your PC, visit PC Settings and navigate to General. Near the
bottom of the list of General PC settings, you will see the options
Refresh your PC without affecting your files and Remove everything and
reinstall Windows. These represent Refresh your PC and Reset your PC,
Now, follow the instructions in one of the following two sections, depending on which you’d like to accomplish.
Using PC Reset: Wiping Out Windows and Starting Over
When you click the Get Started button
under Reset your PC and start over, a full-screen Metro-style
notification like the one in Figure 3 will appear.
Figure 3: The Reset your PC screen explains what’s about to happen.
Again, PC Reset is about reinstalling
Windows from scratch and starting over. Nothing else will be retained.
So be sure to back up first.
This notification alerts you that the PC Reset process will delete all of your personal settings, files, and apps.
Click Next to continue.
The thorough option will dramatically slow
the reset process. Microsoft tells us that this PC Reset version uses a
Department of Defense-style, three-pass disk wipe to do its thing.
If you have more than one drive, PC Reset will
ask whether you’d like to remove all files from all drives, or just
from the drive on which Windows is installed. Make a choice, and then
PC Reset will ask you to choose between quick and thorough file removal
types, as shown in Figure 4. The second, more thorough option
is useful if you wish to sell or give away the PC to others, but the
first, quicker version is what you’ll want when you’re simply resetting
the PC for your own uses.
Next, PC Reset declares that it is ready to reset the PC. Click the Reset button to continue.
Figure 4. Do it quick … or do it right.
PC Reset will reboot the computer and quickly
reinstall Windows. Your customized settings, data, and apps will all be
deleted. After a few minutes and a few reboots, you will be presented
with a shortened version of the Windows Setup procedure, during which
you will agree to the Windows license terms and then complete the
out-of-box experience (OOBE), where you configure some features and
sign in for the first time. This
makes sense, as you are essentially configuring this PC as if it were
Once this process is complete, you will sign in and arrive at the Start screen.
Using PC Refresh: Restoring Windows Along with Settings, Data, and Metro-style Apps
When you click the Get Started button
under Refresh your PC without affecting your files, a full-screen
Metro-style notification will appear, alerting you that the PC Refresh
process will retain all of your personal settings, files, and apps.
However, traditional Windows desktop applications will be removed.
Click Next to continue.
Obviously, you should still ensure that your data has been backed up before using Refresh your PC. Better safe than sorry.
PC Refresh is now ready to reset the PC while
saving your personal settings, data, and Metro-style apps. Click the
Refresh button to continue.
Your PC will restart and undergo the process of
setting aside your personal settings, data, and apps, reinstalling
Windows, and reapplying those items back to the new install. This will
occur over your device’s firmware screen or, on a traditional PC, on a
screen that resembles the Windows boot animation.
After a few reboots, Windows 8 will simply return
to your familiar lock screen. Sign in as before and Windows will
indicate that it is preparing for a few moments. Then you’ll be
returned to the Start screen, just as you left it.
You should then navigate to the Windows
desktop, where you’ll find a web document listing the (classic)
applications that PC Refresh removed. This list will help you get
started reinstalling, as many web-based apps will be helpfully