Installing HP-UX : Software Distributor Example - Load Additional Software

11/12/2012 2:49:45 AM
In this section, I use some Software Distributor commands to view existing loaded software and use the Character Line Interface (CLI) to swinstall to load additional software. The Mission Critical Operating Environment and some additional software products were loaded on the system on which the following examples are run. I check the operating system revision with uname -a and software bundles that have been loaded on the system with swlist in the following listing:
# uname -a
HP-UX npar2 B.11.23 U ia64 0210646210 unlimited-user license

# swlist
# Initializing...
# Contacting target "npar2"...
# Target:  npar2:/

# Bundle(s):

  B5725AA               C.6.0.57       HP-UX Installation Utilities (Ignite-UX) 

  B6848BA         Ximian GNOME 1.4 GTK+ Libraries for HP-UX
  B6849AA               B.02.01.02     Bastille Security Hardening Tool 
  B8339BA               B.03.00.09     servicecontrol manager Server and Agent Bundle 
  B8465BA               A.02.00.04.%71Q HP WBEM Services for HP-UX 
  B9073BA               B. HP-UX iCOD (Instant Capacity on Demand) 
  B9788AA         Java2 1.3 SDK for HP-UX 
  B9789AA         Java2 1.3 RTE for HP-UX 
  B9901AA               A.03.05.10.%71P HP IPFilter 3.5alpha5 
  BUNDLE11i             B.11.23.040713 CH PI IC Bundle for 11.23 040713 
  Base-VXVM             B.03.50.IA.008 Base VERITAS Volume Manager Bundle 3.5 for HP-UX 
  CDE-English           B.11.23        English CDE Environment 
  FDDI-00               B.11.23.01.%71Q PCI FDDI;Supptd HW=A3739B;SW=J3626AA 
  FibrChanl-00          B.11.23.03.%71Q PCI FibreChannel;Supptd HW=A6795A,A5158A
  FibrChanl-01          B.11.23.02.%71Q PCI-X FibreChannel;Supptd HW=A6826A,
  GigEther-00           B.11.23.05.%1Q PCI GigEther;Supptd HW=A4926A/A4929A/
  GigEther-01           B.11.23.05.%1Q PCI GigEther;Supptd HW=A6825A/A6794A/
  HPUX11i-OE-MC         B.11.23.0409.%1Q HP-UX Mission Critical Operating Environment 
  HPUXBaseAux           B.11.23.0409.%1Q HP-UX Base OS Auxiliary 
  HPUXBaseOS            B.11.23        HP-UX Base OS  
  IEther-00             B.11.23.05.%1Q PCI IEther;Supptd HW=A6974A 
  ISEEPlatform          A.03.90.001    ISEE Platform  
  Ignite-IA-11-22       C.6.0.57       HP-UX Installation Utilities for Installing 11.22 
                        IPF Systems 
  Ignite-UX-11-11       C.6.0.57       HP-UX Installation Utilities for Installing 11.11 
  Judy                  B.  Judy Library - development and runtime libraries 
                        for handling dynamic arrays 
  MOZILLA         Mozilla 1.4 for HP-UX 
  MOZILLAsrc      Mozilla 1.4 Source distribution 
  MySQL                 3.23.54a.01    MySQL open-source database 
  NPar                  B. nPartition Provider - HP-UX 
  OnlineDiag            B. HPUX 11.23 Support Tools Bundle, Sep 2004 
  OpenSSL               A.00.09.07-d.009%ic71Q Secure Network Communications Protocol 
  ParMgr                B. Partition Manager - HP-UX 
  RAID-01               B. RAID SA; Supptd HW=A7143A/A9890A/A9891A 
  Sec00Tools            B.01.02.00     Install-Time security infrastructure. 
  SecPatchCk            B.02.01        HP-UX Security Patch Check Tool 
  T1456AA         Java2 1.4 SDK for HP-UX 
  T1456AAaddon    Java2 1.4 SDK -AA addon for HP-UX 
  T1457AA         Java2 1.4 RTE for HP-UX 
  T1457AAaddon    Java2 1.4 RTE -AA addon for HP-UX 
  T1471AA               A.03.71.006.%ic71P HP-UX Secure Shell 
  USB-00                B.11.23.02.%ic71P Object Oriented USB Driver 
  WBEMP-LAN-00          B.11.23.00.%71P LAN Provider for Ethernet LAN interfaces
  hpuxwsApache          B. HP-UX Apache-based Web Server 
  hpuxwsTomcat          B. HP-UX Tomcat-based Servlet Engine 
  hpuxwsWebmin          A.1.070.01.%71P HP-UX Webmin-based Admin 
  hpuxwsXml             A.2.00.%71P    HP-UX XML Web Server Tools 
  perl                  D.5.8.0.C.%71P Perl Programming Language 
  scsiU320-00           B.11.23.1.%ic71Q PCI SCSI U320; Supptd HW=A7173A 


This listing shows that HP-UX 11i version 2 update 2 has been loaded, shown as 11.23 in the listing, and that several software bundles that we selected have been loaded as well, including the Mission Critical Operating Environment, which is shown as HPUX11I-OE-MC in roughly the middle of the swlist output.

Many products are loaded as part of the Mission Critical Operating Environment. The following swlist shows the components of which Mission Critical Operating Environment is comprised at the time of this writing:

# swlist -l product HPUX11i-OE-MC
# Initializing...
# Contacting target "npar2"...
# Target:  npar2:/

# HPUX11i-OE-MC                         B.11.23.0409.%1Q HP-UX Mission Critical 
Operating Environment Component 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.OE                      B.11.23.0409.%1Q HP-UX OE control script
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Glance                  C.03.85.%ic71Q HP GlancePlus/UX 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.MeasureWare             C.03.85.%ic71Q MeasureWare Software/UX 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.MeasurementInt          C.03.85.%ic71Q HP-UX Measurement Interface 
                                        for 11.23 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.LVM                     B.11.23        LVM            
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.SG-Tomcat-Tool          B.02.11.%71O   Serviceguard Tomcat Script 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.SG-Samba-Tool           B.02.11.%71O   Serviceguard Samba Script
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.SG-Apache-Tool          B.02.11.%71O   Serviceguard Apache Script 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.SG-Oracle-Tool          B.02.11.%71O   Serviceguard Oracle Script 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.WLM-Toolkits            A.01.07.%q06   HP-UX Workload Manager Toolkits 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.OPS-Provider-MOF        B.03.00.01.%71Q OPS Provider and MOF 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.CM-Provider-MOF         B.03.00.01.%71Q CM Provider and MOF 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Cluster-OM              B.03.00.01.%71Q HP Cluster API 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Jpi13             Java2 1.3 Netscape Plugin
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Package-Manager         A.11.16.00     HP Package-Manager 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Cluster-Monitor         A.11.16.00     HP Cluster Monitor 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.ServiceGuard            A.11.16.00     ServiceGuard   
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.PRM-Sw-Lib              C.02.03.%11    Process Resource Manager 
                                        PRM-Sw-Lib product 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Proc-Resrc-Mgr          C.02.03.%11    Process Resource Manager 
                                        Proc-Resrc-Mgr product 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.WLM-Monitor             A.02.03.%q17   HP-UX Workload Manager Utilities 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Workload-Mgr            A.02.03.%q17   HP-UX Workload Manager 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.PAM-Kerberos            C.01.23.%71N   PAM-Kerberos Version 1.23
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.Jpi14             Java2 1.4 Netscape Plugin
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.CIFS-Server             A.01.11.01.%71N HP CIFS Server (Samba) File and 
                                        Print Services 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.CIFS-Development        A.01.11.01.%71N HP CIFS Ser Source Code Files 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.EMS-DBMon               A.04.10.%ic71p EMS Database Monitor 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.EMS-DskMon              A.04.10.%ic71p EMS Disk Resource Monitor
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.EMS-MIBMon              A.04.10.%ic71p EMS MIB Resource Monitor Product 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.SG-NFS-Tool             A.11.23.02     MC/ServiceGuard NFS Script 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.PAM-NTLM                A.01.09.02.%71l HP NTLM Pluggable 
                                        Authentication Module 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.CIFS-Client             A.01.09.02.%71l CIFS Client    
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.PRM-Sw-Krn              C.01.02        Process Resource Manager 
                                        PRM-Sw-Krn product 
  HPUX11i-OE-MC.OnlineJFS               B.11.23.05.%1Q Online features of the VxFS 
                                        File System 


The initial swlist output is deceiving in that the Mission Critical Operating Environment is shown as only one entry. You can see from the display of the product level details of Mission Critical Operating Environment in the last listing that many products are included in this OE, including ServiceGuard, Process Resource Manager, GlancePlus/UX, CIFS/9000, and many other products.

Now that we know the initial software that has been loaded, let's move on to load additional products. Software Distributor-HP-UX  is the program used in HP-UX 11i to perform all tasks related to software management. Software Distributor is a standards-based way to perform software management. It conforms to the Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), which is the standard for packaging software and utilities related to software management. The Software Distributor product described in this section comes with your HP-UX system.

The following four phases of software installation are performed with Software Distributor:

  • Selection(1) - You can select the source and software you wish to load during this phase. In the upcoming example, the Graphical User Interface of Software Distributor is used, and you see how easily you can select these.

  • Analysis(2) - All kinds of checks are performed for you, including free disk space, dependencies, compatibility, mounted volumes, and others. One of the useful outputs of this phase is the amount of space the software you wish to load consumes on each logical volume. This will be shown in the example.

  • Load(3) - After you are satisfied with the analysis, you can proceed with loading the software.

  • Configuration(4) - The software you load may require kernel rebuilding and a system reboot. Startup and shutdown scripts may also need to be modified.

I tend to use some terminology associated with Software Distributor somewhat loosely. I have nothing but good things to say about Software Distributor, but I don't conform to the official Software Distributor terminology as much as I should. For instance, I use the word "system" a lot, which could mean many different things in the Software Distributor world. For instance, Software Distributor uses "local host" (a system on which Software Distributor is running or software is to be installed or managed by Software Distributor), "distribution depot" (a directory that is used as a place for software products), and "development system" (a place where software is prepared for distribution). I will use the word system to mean the system on which we are working in the examples, because software is loaded onto the system from media.

The example of Software Distributor in this section describes the process of loading software from a DVD-ROM to the local system. What I show here only begins to scratch the surface of functionality you have with Software Distributor, but because I want to get you up and running quickly, this overview should help. You can load software from various media as well as across the network. You can run swinstall through the graphical interface, the Character Line Interface (CLI) used throughout this section, or the command line. You can use the swinstall command from the command line specifying source, options, target, and so on. I like using the CLI because you don't need any graphics capability, and you get full functionality. If, however, you like to do things the "traditional UNIX" way, you can issue the swinstall command with arguments. You can look at the manual page for swinstall to understand its arguments and options and use this command from the command line. There are many Software Distributor commands, including sd, swjob -i, swcopy, swremove, swlist, and swinstall.

To load software from a DVD-ROM, you must first mount the DVD-ROM. This can be done at the command line or in SAM. Figure 1 shows the SAM log file after the DVD-ROM was mounted and the directory dvdrom was searched for in the SAM log file.

Figure 1. SAM Log Viewer Showing Mount of dvdrom

Figure 3-8 shows the mount command of the DVD-ROM that could have been issued at the command line. If you're not sure of the device file of the DVD-ROM, you would issue ioscan -funC disk and all the disk devices including the DVD-ROM would be listed.

After the DVD-ROM has been mounted, run swinstall and select the source, as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2. Specify Source in swinstall

After the source is specified, you can select from the software on DVD-ROM to load. At the time of this writing, you have both an HP-UX 11i version 2 update 2 core operating system and applications DVD-ROM. Figure 3 shows a small subset of the software on DVD-ROM.

Figure 3. Software on DVD-ROM

From this screen, you can view and select software to load from a DVD-ROM. The process of selecting software to load is covered next for loading from an Ignite-UX server, but the process is the same for a DVD-ROM.

This process is not much different than the process of loading software from an Ignite-UX server, as described next, other than the source being DVD-ROM, in this case, rather than the Ignite-UX server.

An alternative to loading software from a DVD is to access an Ignite-UX server, and load software from one or more of the software depots on the Ignite-UX server. Figure 4 shows accessing software on an Ignite-UX server.

Figure 4. swinstall Core OS Load From Ignite-UX Server Depot

This figure shows the swinstall screen contents you would enter after HP-UX is running to load additional software. Ignite-UX server IP address is specified and so is the full path of the depot /var/opt/ignite/depots/Rel_B.11.23/core (which can't be fully seen in the figure). I also have an applications depot that I could have selected as the source of this load. The next screen you see after this are the contents of the Core OS components, as shown in Figure 5:

Figure 5. swinstall Core OS Components

Figure 3-12 shows the contents of /var/opt/ignite/depots/Rel_B.11.23/core. From this depot, you can load any of its components.

Among the advantages of booting and installing software from an Ignite-UX server are media is not required when software is loaded on the clients, and multiple clients can boot from a single Ignite-UX server simultaneously. I install many systems, so this is a big advantage for me.

When you select Match What Target Has under the Actions menu, you can view the software currently loaded on your system. You may receive a "Yes" in the "Marked?" column or a "Partial." "Yes" means that all the filesets associated with your selection will be loaded, and "Partial" means only some will be loaded. Figure 6 shows "Yes" in the "Marked?" column for software that has been selected.

Figure 6. Software Selection Software Distributor Screen

A bundle of software you select to install may be composed of products, subproducts, and filesets. You can select any item you have "Marked" for loading to see of what filesets it is comprised. I have done this for Pay Per Use to see the software of which it is comprised in Figure 7.

Figure 7. Components of a Software Product

Figure 7 shows that the Pay Per Use software is indeed composed of many components. To go back to the top, select (go up).

Selecting Install runs analysis (Step 2 - Analysis) on the software you select to load. After the analysis is completed, you can take a look at the logfile, view the disk space analysis, and perform other tasks. I normally take a look at the disk space analysis just to see the impact the software I am loading is having on free disk space, as shown in Figure 8.

Figure 8. Disk Space Analysis Software Distributor Screen

You can see in Figure 8 that Pay Per Use consumes minimal disk space.

I also look at the products to ensure that I'm loading the software I expect to load, as shown in Figure 9 for Pay Per Use.

Figure 9. Product Summary Software Distributor Screen

After you are satisfied with the analysis, you can proceed with the installation (Step 3 - Load). Figure 10 shows the type of status you are provided as software is loaded on the system.

Figure 10. Install Window Software Distributor Screen Showing Status

In this case, all the software has been loaded. I could view the logfile to check for errors or warnings.

After the load of your software is complete, you can either exit the session or you are given a message indicating that a reboot is required to complete the configuration (Step 4 - Configuration). Not all software requires a reboot in order for configuration to take place. Most software will run configuration routines after the software is loaded without the need for a reboot. If a reboot is required, you are asked if you wish to reboot; but it could be a bad time to reboot, so you may want to wait or delay the reboot.

The process of loading software from media using Software Distributor is easy and thorough. The user interface to Software Distributor makes it easy to select and load software from media.

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