Content types provide a powerful classification of contents in SharePoint, if it is a document, an article of list, a page of edition, or external data. Most contents of SharePoint the satisfied types some share implies. SharePoint 2007 presented the satisfied types, and the users of SharePoint never did not look at behind since.However,
in SharePoint 2007, content types had a major limitation—the scope of a
content type went no higher than a site collection. SharePoint best
practice is to use multiple site collections in large content systems
to distribute content across content databases. This made for a major
headache in managing content types in a large enterprise content
management system. SharePoint 2010 and 2013 solve this issue with
content type hubs.
creation process, SharePoint allows the administrator to specify the
site collection as a content type hub. As long as the Managed Metadata
Service administrator has Site Collection Administration rights to a
site collection, he or she can specify this site collection as the hub
for all new content types. The content type hub is effectively the
authoritative site collection for the management of content types, and
all other content types that subscribe to the same Managed Metadata
Service may share content types from the hub.
delegating a site collection as a new content type hub, I recommend
leaving the option to Report Syndication Errors so that the log
contains important errors if content types fail to synchronize across
The following steps confirm the existence of a
content type hub for an existing Managed Metadata Service Application,
or the option to delegate a site collection as a content type hub:
- Open Central Administration.
- Click the Manage Service Applications link.
- Scroll down to the Managed Metadata Service (or name you gave it).
- Select the service (do not click it) and then click the Properties icon from the ribbon.
- Scroll to the bottom of the dialog that appears in the content type hub section (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Configure the content type hub in the Managed Metadata Service
- Ensure that a URL of a site collection exists in the field.
- Ensure that the check box for Report Syndication Errors is checked.
Note Ensure that you enable the Content Type Hub Syndication feature for the site collection that is to act as a content type hub.
With the hub established, head over to the site
collection content type hub and see the introduction of new site
- Navigate to the Content Type Hub Site Collection URL in your browser.
- Access the Site Settings page and scroll to the Site Collection Administration section.
- You should notice two links: Content Type Publishing and Content Type Service Application Error Log.
SharePoint manages publication of
content types from the hub and subscription to published content types
from consumers of the hub via two timer jobs. The content type hub job
publishes all new content types from the hub where the site collection
administrator has marked a content type for publishing. This job also
manages the syndication error log. The content type subscriber job
exists for all applications where a contained site collection
subscribes to the hub for a published content type.