Solve PC, Software And Internet-Related Problems – December 2012 (Part 2)

12/22/2012 6:20:52 PM

Hibernate option was lost

I have a laptop running Windows Vista Home Basic. After some recent updates downloaded via Windows Update, Hibernate option has disappeared from my Start menu. Where has it gone and how can I bring it back?

Windows only shows Hibernate option on PC which is considered to support this feature. The laptop manufacturer might wrongly activate it or find it unreliable later – and secretly inform Microsoft of the matter. Thus, this feature’s inactivation in laptop became a phase in hundred patches (of Windows Update) that Microsoft annually announced.

As you want to re-install this feature, we assume that you used Hibernate before without difficulty; however, you didn’t talk clearly about this. Therefore, you first have to check whether your computer supports Hibernate. To do this, press Start, type “cmd” into Search box then press Enter. In case you are prompted to input administration password, type it in and press Enter or Continue. Command window will pop up. In Command prompt, type “powercfg/a” and press Enter. It will bring out “sleep states” available for your PC. If Hibernate is existing (and we guess it so), it can be re-activated by typing “powercfg/hibernate” then pressing Enter. Once things finish, restart Windows and the option is now enabled.

By the way, you will see many options involving Hibernate (along with Sleep mode and Standby mode) in Hardware and Sound section in Control Panel (aside from Start menu). Just click Change plan settings then Change advanced power settings for further discovery.

A mass of blind copies

I had to send frequent messages to around 350 email addresses. They are at different locations around the country and categorized as groups of 12 or 50 people. Email uses blind carbon copy (BCC) to avoid revealing email address to recipient. Is there any way to move these addresses to BCC field at default, because I got tired of moving them from To field every time? I use both Outlook and Gmail, thus a solution for one of them will be useful.

There’s many ways to do this in Outlook and Gmail. However, solutions for Outlook often depend on commercial add-ins, so we will focus on a free technique for Gmail. However, in case you prefer doing so in Outlook, visit Microsoft’s Download Marketplace (at and explore section “Mail, email and fax” – for instance, Always BBC add-in will work for you.

To make this process activate Gmail’s auto-BCC feature in Gmail. You need to use Firefox browser. Unless you install it, you can download it free from Then, you will have to download and install Greasemonkey: this add-in is free for Firefox and useable to edit the way websites work, with the help of scripts written by users. Greasemonkey is downloadable at – just click Download link (on top of the page) followed by a green button “Add to Firefox” and follow instructions.

Reduce image size

I had discussions with a friend via email. Both of us surely kept images formatted as JPEG, so they were compressed before sent. However, his file size was always smaller than mine despite that our images shared similar ratio when viewed. Why was always this?

JPEG format allows for changing compression ratio. Basically, the lower compression ratio is, the higher image quality becomes – but file size will increase. High compression ratio is applicable, resulting small file size but visual quality will look terrible. As a result, there’s a compromise between image quality and file size.

Because JPEG compression takes effect at first, most image calibration programs applies low compression rate by default. However, you can change this setting to reduce file size. Obviously, you will be surprised at how far you will be able to increase compression rate until people notify a change in visual quality. Thus, assuming that everything is relative – especially pixel resolution – we guess you applied higher JPEG compression rate when saving your image.

You didn’t let us know which image editor used, so we can’t tell how or where to change JPEG compression ratio. Though, it often lies in the program’s Options or Preference, or presents as an option shown when you are saving image as JPEG.

When saving JPEG images, you can prefer either file size or quality

When saving JPEG images, you can prefer either file size or quality.

Headers and footers

I encountered a problem inserting date into headers and footers in Microsoft Word. When I chose Author option, Page#, Date from Header/Footer sub menu in Insert menu, date appeared in US format (month, day, year) – but I want to see it in UK format (day, month, year). How can I do?

You didn’t tell us which Word version was being used. Fortunately, from special custom names included in your original email, you believe that you were using Word 2003 (or previous versions).

If we are right, date format used by this special custom menu was drawn from the document’s language setting. To change this, click to open Tools menu, point to Language then choose Set Language from sub-menu. If necessary, scroll through language list to find “English UK”, click to blacken it then press OK. Note: this won’t change format of date you have inserted, thus they need applying.

Clear Google’s browsing history

I found a recent post about browsing history useful.

I was trying to clear some unwanted items stored in Google search box but they continue turning up. Can’t I erase items on Google?

Yes is the answer.

Firstly, if you have installed Google Toolbar for the web-browser, its history can be cleared by pressing the downward button lying on the right of search box then clicking on Clear History at the list’s bottom. Besides, this History option can be permanently cleared. To make this, you have to first click on spanner icon on Google Toolbar then choose Search tab. Now, press to remove the tick from box “Store search history on my computer” and press Save.

On the other hand, in case you don’t use Google Toolbar, there’re some ways to prevent Google to track you browsing history.

If you have a Google Account, log in normally then click on My Account link on the top-right. Now click Edit (near “My product” title) than Delete Web History and follow suggestions to confirm your option.

Whereas you don’t have any Google Account (or don’t log in yet), Google still records your browsing by using a cookie stored in the computer. To prevent this behavior, visit as usual and perform any searching (not really important).

Now, click on Web History on the page’s top-right corner. To prevent Google from saving all thesauruses in future cookie, just click “Disable customizations based on search activity”.

Finally, if you prefer keeping this add-in but still want to clear history over times, clearing the browser’s cookies is enough.

For example, in Internet Explorer, choose Internet Options from Tools menu than press Delete button in Browsing history in General tab. Make sure that Cookies box is ticked (along with any items that you want to erase) then press Delete.

Capture image from video

I needed to shoot an image of people, but for some reason, the camera fell into video mode. I didn’t realize this until I transferred to file to computer.

The video lasted few second, stopping at the moment that I wanted to capture. I tried to copy this image but all of my efforts resulted in a completed video. How could I get the picture I expected?

Many sophisticated apps can extract frame out of the video for an image: they will be best solution for capturing a particular frame at the highest resolution as possible. However, for things in this case that occasionally happened, both Windows Vista and Windows 7 have existing tools to fix this.

First, double-click the video whose image you want to capture – it will be played in Windows Media Player (or in the computer’s default player).

Press maximize button (on top left) to enlarge the playback window as much as possible. Then, hover the cursor onto pause button and get ready to press it at the moment when you wish to capture. Now, press Start then All Programs and Accessories then Snipping Tool.

A small window for Snipping Tool pops up. Press the downward button near New, and then choose Rectangular Snip – the entire screen will turn into grey.

Now click and drag to select the area in which the media player, containing you desired frame, lies then release mouse button.

Captured area will be displayed in a new and larger window in Snipping Tool. If the image is not correctly picked, you just need to perform these actions again. On the other hand, you can save you image by choosing Save as from File menu.

There’re ways to extract frames from video files to serve as images.

There’re ways to extract frames from video files to serve as images.

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