Linux - The Operating System With A Pure Heart (Part 1)

7/12/2012 11:20:44 AM

An ethical operating system, a highly motivated missionary: Linux may not only improve the PC, but would rather the complete world

The operators of the project space watch at the university of Arizona are specialised in tracking down comets and small planets. On 12th October 1994, they discovered a new planetoid and gave it the name (9885) Linux. Before that, in March 199, they named a planetoid (9965) GNU and in September 1994, sent code activist Richard Stallman to the starry sky as (9882) Stallman. Finally, on 16th January 1996, even Linux founder Linus Torvalds followed the stars up towards heavens. The honors convey the importance these software projects and its creators have today, and the admiration they each own.

Description: The Operating System: LInux

The Operating System: Linux

To understand what Linux does so extraordinarily, we must go to the past. At beginning of the nineties, at the time when the four planetoids were named, a cosmic event of the digital nature also took place - the big bang of the Internet in the public. The preparations for this have lasted for a quarter of the year. In the year 1969, three events took place simultaneously: In USA, the first two mainframes were connected online with each other and formed the primordial cell of the Internet. Moreover, in the legendary Bell laboratories of AT&T, Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie started with the development of an operating system called Linux. And, in Helsinki, Linus Torvalds was born.

An operating system as world outlook

AT&T was not allowed to advance in the new scope of business just like the software industry as a government controlled telephone monopolist. Thus, Unix was circulated as free of cost and was popular as an operating system that is free and portable. It fitted perfectly in the world of universities and research facilities where scientist used it to try new findings regarding life, the universe and the rest freely and openly. That an operating system can be not only an algorithm but a complete world outlook was clear at the end of 1979 with the release of Unix. AT&T started to market the program package - including several extensions that have been added by idealistically motivated programmers. The community was not delighted.

Description: Linux and The GNU Project

Linux and The GNU Project

At the same time, a communication platform that was again free and open, emerged - the Unix User Network, briefly called Usenet. It was thought as an alternative to the strictly regulated Arpanet, the prequel of today's Internet. At the start of the eighties, Richard Stallman was a voice in the digital wilderness. With the intention of creating an operating system like Unix, but one that has a clean heart-thus free and on the other hand commercial aims and restrictions - he created the GNU project (GNU stands for "GNUs Not Unix”), formed the Free Software Foundation and with GNU General Public License (GPL) and prepared a legal proof for circulating free software that is still used even today in a refined version. The ideas were appreciated. However, GNU missed the important this for a complete operating system: a kernel.

In the spring of 1991, Linus Torvalds completed the plan. The 21 year old computer science student had familiarised himself with a Unix version called Minix and thus tested to design the code efficiently. Sometime, Torvalds noticed that he had started to write an operating system. On 26th August, he mentioned in a historical Usenet posting, it is "only a hobby, shall not be big and professional like GNU” - an assessment with which he went off the mark.

Description: Linus Torvalds

Linus Torvalds

The development of Linux was the first successful example for worldwide and independent teamwork in Internet era.

For few areas of such a large project, there is "Maintainer" Torvalds is one of them - more information about the hierarchy is not necessary. The people work at eye level with each other. And Linux was for an awakening movement. An operating system that understands itself not only as functional basis for computer hardware but also as an expression of an intellectual and moral renovation. Linux is a cost of living that has to do with public spirit, transparency and freedom - in sense of personal responsibility - including the efforts that bring such attempts along with it.

What Linus Torvalds developed in the beginning of the nineties was only the Linux kernel. This was used over the years for different distributions - software packages like Red Hat, Debian or openSuse. These were again divided in almost innumerable derivatives. The Linux distribution timeline (futurist.se/ gldt/) lists more than 140 derivatives alone for the distribution Debian.

  •  What's Your Strategy For Today’s Server Room Challenges?
  •  Truly Transparent Trinkets
  •  Gamma – Ray Lens …Made Possible
  •  Tech Chance - Revamps …Worsts Ever!
  •  Organic Computing (Part 2)
  •  Organic Computing (Part 1)
  •  The Price of Computer Components Is Going Up? (Part 3)
  •  The Price of Computer Components Is Going Up? (Part 2)
  •  The Price of Computer Components Is Going Up? (Part 1)
  •  The Best Computers You're (Probably) Never Heard Of (Part 3) - Z88, Atari Falcon
  •  The Best Computers You're (Probably) Never Heard Of (Part 2) - Tatung Einstein, Camputers Lynx
  •  The Best Computers You're (Probably) Never Heard Of (Part 1) - Xerox Star, The Grundy NewBrain
  •  Embarrassing Bugs (Part 3)
  •  Embarrassing Bugs (Part 2)
  •  Embarrassing Bugs (Part 1)
  •  Simplicity: intuitive design, simple choices, and familiarity
  •  Retro - Cloud Computing
  •  Problem At Sony Corporation - Can Sony Stay Relevant In An Apple World?
  •  Tim Cook: “Of course, I'm going to change things.”
  •  Sign Language Technology (Part 3) - Seimens Hearing Aids
    Top 10
    Nikon 1 J2 With Stylish Design And Dependable Image And Video Quality
    Canon Powershot D20 - Super-Durable Waterproof Camera
    Fujifilm Finepix F800EXR – Another Excellent EXR
    Sony NEX-6 – The Best Compact Camera
    Teufel Cubycon 2 – An Excellent All-In-One For Films
    Dell S2740L - A Beautifully Crafted 27-inch IPS Monitor
    Philips 55PFL6007T With Fantastic Picture Quality
    Philips Gioco 278G4 – An Excellent 27-inch Screen
    Sony VPL-HW50ES – Sony’s Best Home Cinema Projector
    Windows Vista : Installing and Running Applications - Launching Applications
    Most View
    Bamboo Splash - Powerful Specs And Friendly Interface
    Powered By Windows (Part 2) - Toshiba Satellite U840 Series, Philips E248C3 MODA Lightframe Monitor & HP Envy Spectre 14
    MSI X79A-GD65 8D - Power without the Cost
    Canon EOS M With Wonderful Touchscreen Interface (Part 1)
    Windows Server 2003 : Building an Active Directory Structure (part 1) - The First Domain
    Personalize Your iPhone Case
    Speed ​​up browsing with a faster DNS
    Using and Configuring Public Folder Sharing
    Extending the Real-Time Communications Functionality of Exchange Server 2007 : Installing OCS 2007 (part 1)
    Google, privacy & you (Part 1)
    iPhone Application Development : Making Multivalue Choices with Pickers - Understanding Pickers
    Microsoft Surface With Windows RT - Truly A Unique Tablet
    Network Configuration & Troubleshooting (Part 1)
    Panasonic Lumix GH3 – The Fastest Touchscreen-Camera (Part 2)
    Programming Microsoft SQL Server 2005 : FOR XML Commands (part 3) - OPENXML Enhancements in SQL Server 2005
    Exchange Server 2010 : Track Exchange Performance (part 2) - Test the Performance Limitations in a Lab
    Extra Network Hardware Round-Up (Part 2) - NAS Drives, Media Center Extenders & Games Consoles
    Windows Server 2003 : Planning a Host Name Resolution Strategy - Understanding Name Resolution Requirements
    Google’s Data Liberation Front (Part 2)
    Datacolor SpyderLensCal (Part 1)