David Briddock unveils a Dell project to entice the developer
Project Sputnik is a six-month initiative by Dell to create
a developer-centric PC. The project takes an existing laptop and replaces the
de facto Windows operating system with Linux and a set of developer-friendly
tools. The aim is to raise the profile of Dell's products within developer
communities and corporate purchasing departments.
Dell's project sputnik
Times are hard for computer manufacturers. PCs sales are
well down compared with previous years. The financial crisis doesn't help.
However, it's the substantial rise in smartphone and tablet sales that's having
the biggest effect. Proof of just how tough things have become came with HP's
May announcement that it plans to reduce its global workforce by 27,000
Dell has decided to shift focus to the enterprise sector of
the marketplace. And that means enticing the legions of software developers currently
creating the next wave of web and app solutions. Project Sputnik is an attempt
to get closer to this influential segment of its customer base and drive up
corporate sales as a result.
Dell's timing may turn out to be perfect. Apple MacBook’s,
with the Unix-based Mac OS X, have been a firm favorite with developers. Even
open-source community members use these products; a somewhat surprising fact
given Apple's secretive and propriety practices. But, as each new Mac OS X
version leans further towards the user-centric, touch-friendly iOS model, its
development pedigree is under threat.
With today's emphasis on web and cloud-based development
which is heavily reliant on open standards, languages and tools -there's an
opportunity for Dell to turn heads with this initiative.
For the hardware element, Dell selected one of its premier
laptops. The XPS 13 Ultra-book is a very capable machine. Powered by either
Intel Core i5 or i7 ULV second-generation CPUs, it comes with 4GB of fast
dual-channel DDR3 RAM and a solid-state disk of up to 256GB. It also
incorporates Intel's 'Rapid Start Technology', a system that takes only a
second to go from sleep mode to fully operational status (as seen in this XPS
13 video review: goo.gl/3dvG2).
Weighing in at just 1,4kg it's a very portable package, on a
par with Apple's MacBook Air product. Advanced materials are the secret. It has
an aluminums cover, magnesium alloy palm-rest and carbon fiber base. The
13.3" screen is made from a thin piece of extremely strong Gorilla Glass.
The operating system is Ubuntu 12.04, the April 2012
incarnation of the popular Linux OS distribution from the Canonical stable.
Ubuntu is a safe choice. It regularly tops the Linux popularity charts and has
a large, active user and developer community. As Dell has offered Ubuntu as a
pre-installed option for many years, it's acquired plenty of expertise and
experience with this OS.
One key project task is to ensure all XPS 13 specific
drivers and patches are applied and tested. As you'd expect with a Linux OS,
Ubuntu is crammed full of useful tools and utilities, including text editors,
web browsers and scripting languages. However, there's always room for
improvement, so additional software will be part of the default package. I'll
talk more about this software later.
Why is it called Sputnik? Well, it appears Dell likes to
call its early adopters and testers 'cosmonauts'. However, Sputnik was of
course, an unmanned satellite. So maybe Project Mercury, the first human
spaceflight programmer for the United States, would have been a more
As mentioned before, project Sputnik will be based on the
recently released Canonical Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. This free-of-charge,
comprehensive distribution is built from an independent development branch of
the robust Debi a Linux (debian.org). The LTS moniker denotes a long term
support release - in this case a five-year period.
Canonical Limited is a UK-based company, owned by South
African entrepreneur Mark Shuttle worth. Canonical generates its revenues from
selling Ubuntu technical support and services. Shuttle worth himself was
involved from the beginning in Dell's concept discussions. It was a smart move,
because Shuttle worth saw a bigger opportunity to define, develop and formalize
a common set of tools for all aspects of software development and testing.
This tool set extends the existing collection of Linux
software by adding powerful web, cloud and app-friendly development
environments. Examples include the ever popular Eclipse platform for
multi-language development and testing, and Gait-based source control
will be supported. Other languages, such as Ruby, will depend on the 'feedback
noise' generated by their proponents.
Mobile app support will be important too. Android
development tools are another early target, so both the Android and Java
software development kits (SDKs) will need to be included. Additional support
frameworks may also be considered.
One suggested scenario is for web and app developers to work
with 'micro clouds' on their local machine, before the final solutions are pushed
out to a real-world public or private cloud. Incorporating Open-Stack
technologies is another idea. Open-Stack was founded by Rackspace Hosting and
Nasa to create a series of interrelated technology projects for cloud
infrastructure solutions. It's freely available under the Apache 2.0 license.
Dell employee Barton George has created a seven-minute video
overview of Project Sputnik (goo.gl/wy0pr). He talks about being able to select
self-contained language and operating system profile packages as part of a
suggested profile packages.
Project Sputnik is based on Dell’s XPS13 ultra-book and supports Ubuntu
One of the biggest benefits to selecting Ubuntu is its
massive user and developer community. There's a particularly impressive
collection of informational websites, interactive forums and videos of all
aspects of the operating system. And plenty of opportunity to getting
Throughout the six-month trial Dell will attempt to elicit
plenty of developer-centric suggestions and comments. For some time now, Dell
has used its Idea Storm site to gather feedback. Now there's a Sputnik Storm
session (goo.gl/sX81q), which allows anyone to contribute to the success of the
Sputnik will be available as a Linux distribution image, so
you'll be able to give it a whirl in a virtual machine (VM) environment, such
as Oracle's Virtual Box or a Parallels VM. Or, if you're feeling adventurous,
you can install it onto another PC.
Sputnik is an exploratory project. At the end of the
six-month trial period, Dell will make a decision as to its future. A
successful prognosis is likely to result in a significant extension to its
scope. Additional Dell products will be given the 'Sputnik' treatment, such as
one of its more powerful desktop machines.
As with any community initiative, it's the people who'll
have the biggest say in what happens next. So over to you